Basic guidelines about wood flooring before making your purchase.
There is quite a bit more to wood flooring than wood species, plank width and finish. Every step involved in the process of selecting your product will affect both look, longevity and price. Below are a few guidelines and suggestions about selecting the ideal wood flooring for your home or any space you are considering wood flooring for. At Beauxbois, you will find options and product quality that you will not find in boxed flooring.
Not all woods are created equal.
Wood hardness: Various wood species have various advantages both in looks and quality.Various wood species have various degree of hardness measured with the Janka hardness test. This test measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. The harder the wood the more resistant to dings and wear. Species should be carefully selected when considering the level of traffic your floor will have to endure. Oak, Birch, Maple and American Cherry are referred to as domestic hardwood, oak being a medium hardness wood.
GRAIN: It affects look AND price.
Plain sawn or flat sawn: Also commonly called flat sawn, is the most common lumber available and the most common cut for wood flooring appropriate both for modern as well as rustic looks. This is the most inexpensive way to manufacture logs into lumber. Plain sawn lumber is the most common type of cut. The annular rings typical of plain sawn lumber display a cathedral pattern on the face of the board.
Quarter sawn: In order to obtain the distinctive straight-grained appearance of quarter sawn lumber, logs must be sawn differently.. After being cut into quarters, each quarter section is placed on the mill in such a way that the annual rings are as close to 90 degrees (perpendicular) to the face of each board as possible when sawn. By sawing the log in this way, quarter sawn lumber yields more waste, a lower number of narrower boards made from each log generating and a high price..
Rift sawn: Rift sawn lumber is typically narrow with a very straight grain pattern on the face of the board. Rift sawn lumber is usually used with oak to avoid the flecks that are common in the species. The annular rings or a rift sawn board are about 30-60 degrees to the face of the board, but 45 degrees is the most optimum. Similar to quarter sawn lumber, rift sawn lumber is also referred to as radial grain. The most stable boards, and also the most wasteful to produce, are rift sawn planks and by extension the most expensive. please note that because rift and quarter sawn grains are close in cut, it is not uncommon to see flecks typical in quarter sawn to appear in rift grain.